New Report Calls for Protection of the Weddell Sea Region
BERLIN 17_07_14: As part of the Antarctic Ocean Alliance’s (AOA) proposal to designate marine protected areas (MPA) and marine reserves across 19 regions around Antarctica, the AOA today launched its new report titled Antarctic Ocean Legacy: Towards Protection of the Weddell Sea Region. The findings of the report aim to contribute towards ongoing scientific and policy work - currently led by Germany and Russia - on the region, which is located south of the Atlantic Ocean. The Weddell Sea region is renowned for having one of the most intact ecosystems left on earth and for being a major engine of global ocean circulation.
“Recognising the ecological importance of the Weddell Sea, Germany in collaboration with Russia, is leading the process that will bring about the protection of this crucial area. AOA supports this collaboration and welcomes Russia’s commitment to implementing marine protected areas,” said Steve Campbell, AOA Campaign Director.
By providing protection for the areas highlighted in the new AOA report, as well as through the application of the precautionary approach, the Commission on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) would effectively preserve areas that collectively capture a wide and representative range of species, habitats and ecosystems in the Weddell Sea region - from the top of the water column to the seafloor, and including key biodiversity hotspots.
“Large, fully protected marine reserves are essential to ensure that the incredible biodiversity of the Weddell Sea remains intact,” said Andrea Kavanagh, who directs Antarctic marine reserve work for The Pew Charitable Trusts. “The commission’s member countries have a duty to establish comprehensive protections for Antarctic waters, but they have not been able to designate the Ross Sea and East Antarctic reserves despite years of meetings and discussions. We welcome the collaboration between Germany and Russia on the Weddell Sea proposal and hope this signals a break in the logjam at the commission meeting this October.”
Ice-bound, wild and remote, the Weddell Sea has often been inaccessible to humans, but as research has increased over the past few decades, a picture of a vibrant marine ecosystem - sustained by a combination of currents, seafloor features and ice - has emerged.
“Protecting the Weddell Sea in a network of large-scale marine reserves will help krill populations and higher predators like whales, seals and Emperor penguins to continue thriving. It will also help ensure that the region remains resilient in the face of ocean acidification, climate change and increased fishing interests,” said Bob Zuur, manager of WWF’s Antarctic and Southern Ocean Initiative.
In addition, the report identifies the Weddell Sea as a region that is particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change and ocean acidification and notes examples of changes which are already occurring, including a sharp contrast between the western and eastern sectors. The western sector adjacent to the West Antarctic Peninsula, considered as one of the fastest warming areas on the planet, is experiencing both warming conditions and decreasing sea ice. The eastern sector, however, is experiencing growing sea ice over the past few decades, contributing significantly to the general increase in Southern Ocean sea ice extent. “Creating new MPAs in important ecosystems such as the Weddell Sea is part of the critical pathway forward needed to sustain a resilient Southern Ocean, providing Antarctica with much needed support in the face of climate change predictions,” said Mark Epstein, the Antarctic and Southern Ocean Coalition (ASOC) Executive Director.
The Road to CCAMLR
The AOA urges States party to the Commission on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resource (CCAMLR) to designate large-scale, permanent and ecologically diverse MPAs in East Antarctica and the Ross Sea in 2014 and for Russia and Germany to submit a strong proposal for MPAs in the Weddell Sea for consideration in 2015. These will be critical, visionary and timely steps towards creating a network of MPAs and no-take marine reserves in the Southern Ocean, in line with CCAMLR’s previous commitments. “AOA hopes that Russia’s engagement in the Weddell Sea process suggests renewed Russian leadership on the East Antarctica and Ross Sea proposals as well,” continued Campbell.
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Notes to editors:
Fully-Protected Marine Reserves are areas that are off limits to all extractive uses, including fishing. Fully-protected Marine reserves provide the highest level of protection to all elements of the ocean ecosystem.
Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) are areas where certain activities are limited or prohibited to meet specific conservation, habitat protection or fisheries management objectives.
Consensus-based decision-making does not mean that everyone must agree, but that no one can voice disagreement, which means that one member state can effectively stop a measure from going forward.
The Antarctic Ocean Alliance is a coalition of more than 30 leading environmental organisations and high-profile individuals working together to achieve large-scale protection for key Antarctic Ocean ecosystems. Alliance members include The Pew Charitable Trusts, Greenpeace, WWF, the Antarctic and Southern Ocean Coalition (ASOC), Humane Society International, Mission Blue (US), Oceans 5 (US), Deep Wave (Germany), The Last Ocean, Forrest & Bird (NZ), ECO (NZ), the Korean Federation for Environmental Movement (KFEM), Greenovation Hub (China), and associate partners the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), Oceana, the International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW), the International Polar Foundation (UK), Plant a Fish, the International Programme on the State of the Oceans and OceanCare (Switzerland). AOA Ambassadors include actors Leonardo DiCaprio, Edward Norton, Oceanographer Dr. Sylvia Earle, entrepreneur Sir Richard Branson, Chinese entrepreneur and explorer Wang Jing and Korean actor Yoo Ji-Tae.
Antarctic and Southern Ocean Coalition (ASOC) Since 1978, the Antarctic and Southern Ocean Coalition (ASOC) has brought together over 200 non-government organizations working full time to preserve the Antarctic continent and its surrounding Southern Ocean www.asoc.org
Greenpeace: Greenpeace is the leading independent campaigning organization that uses peaceful direct action and creative communication to expose global environmental issues.http://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/campaigns/oceans/
The Pew Charitable Trusts: The Pew Charitable Trusts work globally to establish pragmatic, science-based policies that protect our oceans, conserve our wild lands and promote the clean energy economy. www.pewtrusts.org
WWF WWF works in 100 countries and is supported by 1.2 million members in the United States and close to 5 million globally. WWF’s unique way of working combines global reach with a foundation in science, involves action at every level from local to global, and ensures the delivery of innovative solutions that meet the needs of both people and nature. www.wwf.org